Environment planning here means an integrated approach of all the major constituents that has a direct correlation with the sustainable development of the coastal areas in the state of West Bengal and in course of time which can be replicated elsewhere. The focus will be to develop ICZM plan which involves economic, social, cultural, environmental and ecological aspects. By addressing environmental concerns in the project development cycle, environmental planning helps to mitigate adverse environmental impacts.
One fundamental aspect of Environment planning is to estimate the spatial dimension of ecological processes, thus providing a common language for stronger interactions between ecologists and planners.
Environmental planning also addresses risks of natural hazards and disasters. Through the application of GIS data changes in shoreline and hazard line mapping is underway. By combining data of topography, water resources, areas of soil erosion and accretion a systematic long term sustainable development paradigm can be suggested.
ICZMP-SPMU favours GIS based analysis in evaluating large data at landscape to visually understand the environmental consequences of the project. The stress will be on to come out with a broad conceptual framework for the assessment of consequences of long-term development processes on biodiversity components and helps in evaluating and visualising the impacts of alternative policy prescriptions.