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Livelihood Development & Generation in Coastal Area

Livelihood Generation in DSDA Area

The project proposal has been designed to attach high priority to fostering livelihood generation as an integral component. Digha-Sankarpur and their adjoining areas have a rich tradition in artisan technology. The mats prepared by the local artisans have international demand. Conch polishing and shell artifacts are other products of much attraction. The major problem for generating income out of these local crafts is the non availability of proper market facility. In addition, these artisans also require some training for refinements of their products to have edge in marketing. They also require some training in proper packaging of their products to claim a share in domestic and international markets.

Digha and Sankarpur are also places where tourism provides scope for income generation in a good measure. A large number of people earn their livelihood in different fields associated with tourism and hospitality. As tourism is largely dependent on availability of hotels and ancillary services, hotel services and tour operation also play important roles in income generation. All people associated with the above fields require some sort of training to acquire skills in their respective fields. The present project has been evolved to take care of the above aspects to boost income generation among the local people by imparting professional training in their field. Due emphasis has also been given on capacity building of local people, market facilities for the local craftsmen and providing infrastructure for administering training in different fields as below :
i) Travel and tourism
ii) Secretarial practice
iii) Vocational training
iv) Food processing (cashew karnel processing, cashew nut shell liquid extraction)
v) Handicrafts (Jute, polishing procedure and utilization procedure for exportable shells, stitching and cutting of garments)
vi) Aquaculture (pisciculture, prawn culture, crab culture, oyster culture)
vii) Floriculture
viii) Horticulture (preservation of medicinal plant parts for maximum yield)
ix) Civil works (masonary, plumbing, carpentry)
x) Electrical works

A three-storied building has been planned near Nehru Market at Old Digha to serve the above purposes at the request of the DSDA authorities. The first two floors of the building will be utilized mainly as market facilities to be provided to local artisans for selling their products, while the top floor will be used for imparting different trainings as planned. The location of the building falls on an area where construction of three-storeyed buildings is permissible. The necessary internal sanitary, plumbing arrangements and electrical installations including provision of passenger lifts have been included. The water supply will be effected by sinking one deep tube well with submersible pump for lifting water in addition to water supply to be received from PHE’s water supply system. Considering the fact that the building will be mainly used as mercantile (retail) activities, adequate provision for fire fighting has also been considered. The sewage load generated daily will be discharged into public sewage system. Internal pathways, outdoor lighting and boundary fencing have also been included to make the building complete in all respects. The livelihood generation facilities/schemes proposed in this para are meant to be used/shared by the people of both Digha and Sankarpur. The proposed location for construction of a 3-storied building near Nehru market at old Digha for the purpose of livelihood generation and value addition activities lies in an allowed site under CRZ regulations.

In order to bolster the economic activity of the surrounding areas of Digha and Sankarpur, and support the growth of traditional craftsmanship nurtured in the region, creation of a 3-storied building to serve as a centre for skill development and handicrafts has been planned. Areas adjacent to DSDA area are famous for different handicraft articles and wares having demand in domestic and international markets which the craftsman and artisans produce by acquiring skills in traditional method. These people require some sort of training to improve and hone their skills and to develop entrepreneurship acumen to make a more sustained dent in the market through acceptance of their products. Moreover, with the rapid development of tourism industry in the areas, more and more people trained in hospitality services and tour operation for the tourists is required. Keeping the above requirements in view, the space planning of the building has been undertaken to create a good amount of market facilities for the artisans and craftsmen while sufficient and judicious spaces have been reserved at the 2nd floor for facilitating training in different fields.

The site for the building has been selected in the main business district of the town of Digha to bring the market facilities at the door step of the artisans. 7 room spaces have been kept separate and reserved for artisans who will be allotted spaces separately by rotation to produce and showcase their products to the visitors and will have ample opportunities to exploit the market facilities offered to them. Each such room space has been designed taking into account the working space required for display. In addition 103 room spaces has been designed for allotment to shop owners on monthly rent who would prefer to open their handicraft business. The 2nd floor of the building has been devoted for holding trainings in Workshops and Class rooms. A sufficiently large conference hall has been included to hold seminars and interactive sessions. Rooms for trainers and space for maintaining a small office have also been considered and included. At the 2nd floor, two guest rooms have been designed for the overnight stay of outstation instructors. The building has been designed as RCC structure complete with all services in compliance with the development norms of the DSDA and coastal zone regulations of MoEF, Govt. of India. As the selected location of the building falls on CRZ- II on landward side of the beach, construction of permanent building with building height within 11 meters with usual allowances in height for stair room, lift machine room, etc. is permissible. Various types of services have been identified to exploit the prime location of the site as much as possible. The necessity of a wide drive way and provision for sufficient number of parking spaces have been given due importance. As part of the building will be used as a mercantile building, provision for fire fighting arrangements has been kept in mind in determining the utilities. Due provision of lift has been included for the use of aged and handicapped persons visiting the building. Sufficiently wide stairs, corridors and entrance lobby have been planned to provide easy movement of the visitors inside the building and for providing quick evacuation during emergency.

The salient features are as follows:
i) Area of land – 1.18 acres
ii) Total covered area of the building - 5471 sq.mtrs.
iii) Built up area of ground floor - 1814 sq.mtrs.
iv) Built up area of 1st floor – 1735 sq.mtrs.
v) Built up area of 2nd floor – 1922 sq.mtrs.
vi) Ground coverage – 39.95% against permissible ground coverage of 49.5%
vii) Type of lift – 8 passenger capacity automatic lift.

Detailed technical specifications are given in the DPR. The structural system of the proposed building shall be a R.C.C structure consisting of load bearing structural elements like R.C.C slabs, beams and columns. The liquid waste generated for the 3 storied building - Centre for Skill Development & Local Handicrafts will be disposed of through public sewerage system available near the project site. The sewage will be transported by laying NP2 RCC pipe laid underground, at proper grade to maintain non-silting velocity by gravity flow. Sufficient number of inspection pits, and a master trap will be provided for safe discharge of sewage to the public system. Disposal of surface run off will be done by underground SW pipes to be laid at adequate slope to transport the water. The pipe lines will be provided with inspection pits – 900 mmx750 mm to be constructed with brick walls and masonry catch pits 600 mm x 600 mm with gratings at top.